Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. In North America, just about every major national or ethnic group and every segment of society has been involved in organized crime. Thus we have seen Irish, Jewish, Chinese, Jamaican, Haitian, Vietnamese, Somali and many other ethnically-recruited or centered crime gangs. For a long time many scholars did not believe organized crime was highly structured, or capable of sophisticated operations. All this changed because of the revelations of the U. Senate "Valachi" hearings in named after the chief witness, Mafia member Joe Valachi ; because of the documentary evidence from police wiretaps in the s, which allowed police to listen to Mafia leaders discussing their hierarchy and operations in the U.
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Triad (organized crime) - Wikipedia
The Hong Kong triad is distinct from mainland Chinese criminal organizations. In ancient China, the triad was one of three major secret societies. Two features which distinguish a black society from a dark force are the ability to achieve illegal control over local markets, and receiving police protection. The generic use of the word "triads" for all Chinese criminal organizations is imprecise; triad groups are geographically, ethnically, culturally and structurally unique. Triads in Hong Kong are less involved with "traditional" criminal activity and are becoming associated with white-collar crime ; traditional initiation ceremonies rarely take place to avoid official attention.
This is a listing of enterprises, gangs, mafias and syndicates that are involved in organized crime. Tongs and outlaw motorcycle gangs, as well as terrorist, militant, and paramilitary groups are mentioned if they are involved in criminal activity for funding. However, since their stated aim and genesis is often ideological rather than commercial, they are distinct from mafia-type groups. In several drug-producing or transit countries, drug traffickers have taken advantage of local corruption and lack of law enforcement to establish cartels turning in millions if not billions of dollars each year.